Hydraulic Engineering Education
Hydraulic Principles for Flood Control and Water Systems Applications
- Location 1
This is a partly theoretical but mostly practical hydraulics course, which reviews the underlying hydraulic engineering principles and focuses on practical real-world situations. The following is a sampling of a typical 2-session course (4-hours each session): Basic Hydraulic Principles • Three conservation principles of hydraulic engineering • Types of flow (Laminar, Turbulent and Transitional) • States of flow (Steady and Unsteady) Closed Conduits • Calculation of the Energy Equation, including Major and Minor Losses for pipes • Pressure Flow – Culverts, pipes, etc. • Closed Conduit examples (single and multiple pipes) Open Channel Flow • Uniform Flow, Normal Depth and Manning’s Equation • Calculation of the Energy Equation, including Major and Minor Losses • Overbank Flow and Composite Roughness • Hydraulic Efficiency of a Section • Velocity Distribution • Specific Energy and Alternate Depths • Critical Depth, Froude Numbers and Flow Regimes (Subcritical & Supercritical) • Open Channel Flow examples Rapidly Varied Flow • Drop Structures and Grade Control Structures • Specific Force and Sequent Depths • Hydraulic Jumps Gradually Varied Flow • Gradually Varied Flow Curves • Hydraulic Control • Gradually Varied Flow – Calculations (Direct and Standard Step) • Gradually Varied Flow example • Freeboard requirements Common Flood Control Elements • Confluences – Pressure and Momentum Calculation • Bridge Hydraulics – Class A, B and C Note: This course maybe tailored to the specific needs of each entity. Subjects such as reservoirs and networks may be added to this course.